By Lisa Yount
A necessary quantity within the extraordinary Scientists sequence, A to Z of Biologists makes use of the gadget of biography so as to placed a human face on technology - a style that provides immediacy to the prose for the excessive schooler who may need an curiosity in pursuing a occupation in biology. This accomplished survey positive factors greater than one hundred eighty entries and 50 black-and-white pictures. every one profile specializes in a specific biologist's learn and contributions to the sphere and his or her impact on scientists whose paintings undefined. Their lives and personalities are mentioned in addition via incidents, quotations, and images. Culturally inclusive and spanning the complete variety of biologists from precedent days to the current day, the entries on girls and minority biologists specifically articulate a few of the hindrances that those biologists overcame within the strategy of attaining their objectives. This quantity is a perfect source for college kids and common readers drawn to the historical past of biology or the non-public lives of vital biologists.
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Most French medical researchers of the time emphasized the study of human patients in hospitals, but Bernard preferred to work in a laboratory, where he could carry out carefully 25 controlled experiments like those used in physics and chemistry. Since experimenting on humans would be unethical, he used dogs, rabbits, and other animals as “living laboratories,” feeling sure that what he learned from them would apply to humans as well. Many of Bernard’s experiments concerned digestion. In 1849, he showed that the pancreas, an organ in the abdomen whose function had been unknown, produces chemicals that help to break down fats and carbohydrates.
Epstein, Samuel, Beryl Williams Epstein, and Joseph Scrofani. Dr. Beaumont and the Man with a Hole in His Stomach. New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1978. Horsman, Reginald. Frontier Doctor: William Beaumont, America’s First Great Medical Scientist. : University of Missouri Press, 1996. “Life of Dr. com. Available online. htm. Last updated 2001. ᨳ Behring, Emil von (1854–1917) Prussian/German Bacteriologist, Immunologist In a dramatic demonstration in a German hospital on Christmas 1891, Emil Adolf von Behring showed that he had found a new weapon against diphtheria—one of the greatest killers of children in his time—and a new way of fighting other diseases caused by bacteria as well.
Last updated 2002. ———. ” Scientific American, March 1982. Wallis, Claudia. ” Time, November 8, 1982. Yount, Lisa. Milestones in Discovery and Invention: Genetics and Genetic Engineering. New York: Facts On File, 1997. ᨳ Black, James Whyte (1924– ) British Physiologist, Pharmacologist James Whyte Black created two drugs that improved the health of millions. Even more important, his use of basic research on the ways cells communicate as a starting point for inventing drugs helped to make drug design more rational and effective than ever before.
A to Z of Biologists by Lisa Yount