Get A Scientific Way of War: Antebellum Military Science, West PDF

By Ian Clarence Hope

ISBN-10: 0803276850

ISBN-13: 9780803276857

While religion within the Enlightenment used to be waning somewhere else through 1850, on the usa army Academy at West aspect and within the minds of academy graduates serving in the course of the state Enlightenment considering persevered, announcing that warfare used to be governable by means of a grand thought obtainable in the course of the research of army technological know-how. officials of the general military and teachers on the army academy and their political superiors all believed strongly within the risk of buying an ideal wisdom of warfare in the course of the right curriculum.
A clinical method of War analyzes how the doctrine of army technological know-how advanced from educating particular Napoleonic purposes to embracing matters that were useful for conflict in North the US. Drawing from a wide range of fabrics, Ian C. desire refutes past fees of an absence of professionalization within the antebellum American military and an overreliance at the teachings of Swiss army theorist Antoine de Jomini. as a substitute, wish exhibits that inculcation in West Point’s American army curriculum ultimately got here to supply the military with an officer corps that shared a typical doctrine and customary ability in army challenge fixing. The proliferation of army technology ensured that at the eve of the Civil battle there existed a notably American, and clinical, approach of war.

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Extra info for A Scientific Way of War: Antebellum Military Science, West Point, and the Origins of American Military Thought

Sample text

Another four years passed before opportunity came again to establish a proper military school. S. Army during the Quasi-War, and voiced dissatisfaction with progress of the First System and the poor state of officer training. In 1800 he proposed the establishment of federal institutions dedicated to tactical and scientific instruction. 48 At this same time Maj. Henry Burbeck, who had been stationed at West Point under Rochefontaine, assumed command of troops on the eastern seaboard and persuaded the secretary of war to allow him to send young officers to West Point to receive artillery instruction from experienced officers and civilian teachers.

The Constitutional Conven29 early national military science tion eventually recognized the need for a permanent military establishment to protect the northwest frontier, and future contracts for seven hundred soldiers serving in that region came under federal authority. ” However, beyond a frontier force and limited infrastructure, the convention resisted the creation of a federal military establishment. 36 As a governing document, the constitution of 1789 enshrined a division of powers between the executive and legislative branches representative of compromise between the competing ideas.

However, the first plantations were sufficiently militarized to produce a legacy. All male colonists brought armor and weapons over the ocean, which they then carried constantly and hung on the walls of their makeshift homes as they slept. Military practices were part of everyday life. Edward Winslow described the exercise of arms in front of Native guests during the first Thanksgiving Day in 1620. 2 This is not to suggest that the colonial plantations were military exercises. The carriage of arms and the performance of drill during village muster were defensive measures to counter the threat of raids by European foes and Indians.

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A Scientific Way of War: Antebellum Military Science, West Point, and the Origins of American Military Thought by Ian Clarence Hope

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