By Claes G. Ryn
an exceptional problem of the twenty-first century is the risk of clash among people, peoples, and cultures, between and inside of societies. In a standard Human floor, Claes Ryn explores the character of this challenge and units forth a concept approximately what's worthwhile for peaceable kinfolk to be attainable. Many within the Western global belief in “democracy,” “capitalism,” “liberal tolerance,” “scientific progress,” or “general enlightenment” to deal with this challenge. even though every one of those, competently outlined, may possibly give a contribution towards assuaging disputes, Ryn argues that the matter is way extra advanced and important than is mostly famous. He purposes that, such a lot essentially, reliable kin between members and countries have ethical and cultural preconditions. What can predispose them to mutual recognize and peace? One Western philosophical culture, for which Plato set the development, keeps that the single technique to actual cohesion is for historic range to yield to universality. The implication of this view for a multicultural global will be a peace that calls for that cultural area of expertise be effaced so far as attainable and changed with a common tradition. a really various Western philosophical culture denies the life of universality altogether. it really is represented this day via postmodernist multiculturalism—a view that leaves unanswered the query as to how clash among assorted teams may be avoided. Ryn questions either one of those traditions, arguing for the aptitude union of universality and particularity. He contends that the 2 don't need to be enemies, yet actually desire one another. Cultivating person and nationwide particularities is in all likelihood suitable with strengthening and enriching our universal humanity. This quantity embraces the idea of universality, whereas whilst historicizing it. utilizing wide-ranging examples, Ryn offers a firmly sustained and systematic argument centering in this principal factor. His method is interdisciplinary, discussing not just political principles, but additionally fiction, drama, and different arts. Scholarly and philosophical, yet no longer really expert, this e-book will entice normal readers in addition to intellectuals.
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Extra info for A Common Human Ground: Universality and Particularity in a Multicultural World
Nor would harmony be brought about by external manipulation, although, needless to say, social, political, and economic measures, national and international, can assist the task. The greatest 5. Croce, Story of Liberty, 355. 30 A Common Human Ground need for the longer run is that the best resources of particular peoples, as identiﬁed by their most cultivated and perceptive representatives, be marshaled so that in the shaping of character, mind, and imagination the spirit of universality will become more discernible and so that individuals and cultures will be able to meet on the highest common ground.
In the twentieth century, “equality” became the preeminent professed social and political value of Western man. The existence of elites with inﬂuence greater than that of the common man was widely condemned, at least in theory. Egalitarian ideology became, in the twentieth century especially, the justiﬁcation for major social change, but aspects of that change merely conﬁrmed what egalitarianism denies in theory, that no society or organization can function without leadership. People of special gifts and particular willpower inevitably acquire more inﬂuence than others.
It does not belong to a transcendent sphere lacking all concreteness; such a sphere would be empty and without human interest. In so far as a culture’s ﬁnest achievements embody universality, they can speak also to representatives of other cultures, although absorbing them may sometimes require great effort. A humanist may deeply respect ways and beliefs long admired by his own culture, because he senses that, at their best, they embody the spirit of an intrinsically good and rewarding life. Yet a person wishing to be humane must guard against one-sidedness, provincialism, blindness, and rigidity.
A Common Human Ground: Universality and Particularity in a Multicultural World by Claes G. Ryn